Yeast infection, better known as vaginal thrush or candidacies is a very common problem with females. It is caused by an escalated growth of yeast that triggers several unpleasant symptoms like burning, soreness, itching, discharge in and around the vagina.
Most women are likely to have yeast infection at least once in their lifetime and some might even have recurring episodes. Yeast is basically a fungus which is scientifically described as Candida.
Yeast infection is caused by a typical fungus known as Candida albicans.
The presence of yeast is very common in our human skin and it mostly gathers in moisture areas, such as the vagina. Vaginal thrush is caused by these typical yeast types that affect the mouth and the food pipe as well.
The thrush occurring in the mouth is called oral thrush and the one occurring in the food pipe is called esophageal thrush. Yeast might also grow in the human blood stream to cause severe infections. There are several causes of vaginal yeast infection, but the primary one is an excessive growth of yeast in the region.
Though it isn’t a sexually transmitted disease, it is likely to cause irritation during sexual intercourse which further aggravates the condition. Sperm, which is an alkaline, encourages the growth of Candida.
Thrush is very common among women in their late 30s and early 40s and also incase of pregnant women.
Candida albicans can be found in the vaginal region of women who don’t have thrush, but once infected, it makes the symptoms more evident for you to understand that it needs treatment.
SIGNS ANS SYMPTOMS
Symptoms of vaginal thrush or yeast infections are quite common and almost three quarters of the females have experienced these symptoms. Some of the common symptoms include:
- Vaginal Pain
- Discharge of thick curd like fluid.
Thrush is usually accompanied by fluid discharge in excess. This fluid is almost like that of cottage cheese and might have a foul odor or might be odorless. This leads to itching and soreness and is likely to cause inflammation and redness. One might also feel intense pain during urination.
Candida infections are likely to cause several health problems, mostly sexual.
As these symptoms are very irritating and might also result in sores, it actually disturbs ones sexual life. Thrush is mainly caused by candida infections, though this fungus is highly present on the surface of the skin surrounding the vagina, but an excess growth of this fungus can lead to complications.
Most women are thorough with the typical signs and symptoms of vaginal thrush and they often need no diagnosis to understand that they have been infected. However, the diagnosis is important as it can help the doctor understand the intensity of the infection. In certain cases, you might be having a few symptoms that probably cannot explain the cause, in such cases; you must consult a doctor for proper diagnosis. Vaginal infections are caused by some other germs as well such as bacterial vaginosis and trichomonas. In such cases, an examination of your pelvic regions becomes necessary to actually evaluate the discharge. Culture might be done in some cases.
Usually vaginal thrush treatment is done following a standard method that involves the placement of an antifungal medicine into the vagina; it might be in the form of a topical cream or pessary. These methods of treatments are used for a 3 to 6 days only. But new preparations are designed as a single dose for compliance and ease of use.
Some of the antifungal medicines work really well on these infections.
These drugs are usually available without any prescription. Some of the common ones are: Fluconazole (Diflucan , Canesten Duo ) Miconazole (Micreme) Clotrimazole (Canesten ) Nystatin (Mycostatin) Topical creams and certain pessaries can be ideally used in treating such infections even if there are reoccurrences. But some candida infections can be very difficult to deal with and you might then need antifungal medications to be taken orally for relief. Medicines like fluconazole (Diflucan) can be very helpful in candida treatment. Also Canesten HC containing hydrocortisone and clotrimazole can be a great remedy.
Probiotics such as acidophilus are very helpful in recovering from bacterial vaginitis. Probiotics are basically just the opposite of antibiotics; antibiotics kill the bacteria whereas probiotoc increases it. Yes, it’s true, but probiotics increase the growth of bacteria that can be very helpful in preventing the further growth of yeast in the vagina.
One can take probiotics in the form of supplements that are available as lactobacillus acidophilus, the best known probiotic till date.
Probiotics such as Inner health Plus capsules can also be inserted into the vagina, acidophilus tablets are used for insertion and this gives quick relief.
Vaginal thrush can always be prevented if you are more conscious about it. Some easy steps are noted below for preventing vaginal infections:
Keep the genital region clean and wash thoroughly with a soap free alternative cleanser such as pinetarsol gel.
Remember to pat dry the region. Do not use perfumed soaps, colored soaps, vaginal douches and bubble baths. After your bowel movement, clean yourself thoroughly
. Avoid wearing tight undergarments and wear cotton preferably (not Nylon).
There are many alternative ways of treating bacterial vaginitis or yeast infection. Certain flowers and herbs and specially yoghurt are very soothing in case of vaginal thrush.
Several thrush symptoms can be avoided by the use of yoghurt.
It can either be eaten or be inserted into the vaginal for relief.
Yoghurt also contains the bacteria lactobacillus acidophilus that can help in preventing the excess growth of yeast. Women also prefer tea tree oil and are often used for thrush treatment.
It can effectively fight against candiada albicans and there are scientific evidences to prove the fact.
Calendula, derived from marigold flowers act as an antifungal and a soothing agent. Calendula gels and creams can be directly applied on the vaginal regions.
Garlic also has potent antibacterial as well as anti fungal properties and can be used as an effective ingredient for thrush treatment. Neatly peeled garlic need to be wrapped in muslin and placed into the vagina in such a way that it can be removed easily. It needs to be left over night.
Besides these, there are several supplements that can help in treating vaginal thrush. The ones containing minerals and multivitamins, beta-carotene and zinc are beneficial
PharmacyOnWeb in New Zealand offers every possible medication that’s needed for preventing vaginal thrush. They have listed the details of the drugs, its effects and dosage for your convenience. You can try out these safe online options for your treatment.